Newly confirmed Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch cast the deciding vote late Thursday to allow Arkansas to execute Ledell Lee, a man who maintained his innocence until the end.

After a flurry of legal maneuvers and court rulings, the state carried out its first execution in more than 11 years just before midnight on Thursday; Lee was pronounced dead at 11:56pm, four minutes before his death warrant was set to expire.

The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette described the killing:

The New York Times reports:

Amnesty International USA senior campaigner James Clark called it “a shameful day for Arkansas, which is callously rushing the judicial process by treating human beings as though they have a sell-by date.”

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